Implementation period: 2017
The historical research for the Transport Systems and Sewer Pumping Stations North project involved five subareas in the Betuwe, where Waterschap Rivierenland will carry out work on a number of sewage treatment plants. The total length of the grids is 20 km.
The historical research focused on the extent to which the project area was involved in war operations in the 1940-1945 period. The Betuwe was one of the most affected areas during World War II. Ochten, Opheusden, and Zetten, among other places, were so heavily damaged that after the liberation, residents had to wait several months before they could return. The Betuwe was on the front line from September 1944 until the end of the war in May 1945.
In addition to these war operations, the Betuwe was also inundated for a long time: the Germans blew up the Rijndijk in early December 1944, which flooded the area between Tiel and Elst. The water not only drove Allied and German troops out of the area, but also erased many war
traces such as craters. This made it difficult to interpret the aerial photographs from 1945.