Journal of The Institute of Explosive Engineers September 2018.
In the years since World War II, the sea region has been used for extensive military activity, such as weapons and ammunition practice by many of the neighbouring Baltic states. This has resulted in extensive explosive contamination in the Baltic Sea which has impacted upon the planned lines of subsea pipeline infrastructure, hence the requirement for an efficient and effective Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) process.
The key to achieving project success was to ensure that underwater geophysical survey data before and after underwater disposal operations was accurate, so that targets of interest could be correctly identified and UXO hazards removed along planned pipeline routes. Project integration between N-Sea, BODAC and the other implementing partners was also an essential requirement. The teams had prepared a risk-based methodology and applied best practice in terms of ensuring relevant levels of qualification and competence.